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Policy Brief 12.pdf

The health and economic burden of resistance has not escaped the attention of federal legislators, who have proposed policies to slow the emergence and spread of resistance and resistant infections in communities, health care facilities, and food-producing animals. Bills introduced during the 2009–2010 session of Congress focused on three important strategies for curbing resistance: (1) encouraging judicious antibiotic use; (2) reducing hospital infections using public reporting programs; and (3) stimulating the development of new antibiotics (Table 1).

Creator
Yolisa Nalule
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Policy Brief 11.pdf

Inappropriate antibiotic prescribing in the United States is a common problem and imposes a significant cost on society in two ways. First, it increases the rate at which bacteria that are resistant to clinically important antibiotics emerge and spread both in hospitals and the community. And second, it comes in the way of the patient being treated for the true underlying cause of disease.

Creator
Yolisa Nalule
Language
English
Country
United States
Format
PDF
Keywords,
Bacteriophages
A New Old Biomedical Technology
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Policy Brief 10

Antibiotic resistance is a challenge that calls for good science as well as ingenuity. Although we will always need new antibiotics, there are alternative therapeutic approaches worth considering. One example is bacteriophage therapy. Bacteriophages—or "phages"—exist in abundance in nature, including in and on the human body. Phages are viruses that infect bacteria and use the bacterial cell’s genetic apparatus to produce more phages. In the process, they kill their host.

Creator
Jane Zhao
Alexander Sulakvelidze
Keywords
The Interagency Task Force on Antimicrobial Resistance
10 Years of Coordinated Federal Action
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Policy Brief 9.pdf

The federal government has a responsibility to act, but without anyone clearly positioned to lead federal programs to combat antimicrobial resistance it is nearly impossible for all of these different actors to coordinate their activities to create a systematic national response.

Creator
Abby Colson
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Policy Brief 8

This brief highlights the strong link between flu and antibiotic prescription. According to recent research, “from 1995 through 2002, 26 percent of patients—just over one-quarter of them—who were diagnosed with flu were prescribed antibiotics. And that excludes people whose diagnosis could plausibly include a bacterial infection in addition to or associated with the flu...

Creator
Hellen Gelband
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Policy Brief 7

Every year in the United States, 2 million people become infected with Staphylococcus aureus bacteria—“staph”—and 100,000 of those people die. Skin infections are most common, but staph infections of the lung (pneumonia) and bloodstream (bacteremia) are the deadliest. A vaccine would save lives and money, reduce the use of antibiotics, and slow the spread of antibiotic resistance. That is, if a vaccine is targeted to people when their risk of becoming infected with staph is highest—when they go to the hospital for surgery

Creator
Hellen Gelband
Contributor
Swati Yanamadala
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Policy Brief 6

Extending the Cure looks at recently approved and late- stage development antibiotics to determine gaps in supply warranting enhanced research and development.

Creator
Abigail Colson
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Policy Brief 5

Extending the Cure compares MRSA in communities with the MRSA that has plagued hospitals for decades.

Creator
Abigail Colson
Keywords
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Policy Brief 4

Extending the Cure provides an overview of state and national bills introduced in 2007 legislative sessions aimed at reducing antibiotic resistance

Creator
Abigail Colson
Language
English
Keywords
Counting MRSA Cases
An Evaluation of Recent Evidence
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Policy Brief 3

Extending the Cure compares two recent studies that, despite using different methods and data, both find that MRSA is a serious issue throughout the United Sta

Creator
Abigail Colson
Language
English
Keywords
The States Take Action
Hospital Infection Reporting and Control
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Policy Brief 2

Extending the Cure examines current state legislation requiring the reporting, control, and prevention of healthcare-associated infections.

Creator
Abigail Colson
Language
English
Keywords
Can Vaccines Reduce Antibiotic Use?
The Successes and Challenges of Pneumococcal Vaccines
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Policy Brief 1

Extending the Cure outlines the successes and challenges of pneumococcal vaccination, one strategy to prevent infections in light of increasing

Creator
Sarah Darley
Contributor
Hellen Gelband
Language
English
Keywords
MRSA Rates and Trends
A Foundation for Future Analysis
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Commentary

In December 2007, Extending the Cure (ETC) researchers Eili Klein, David Smith, and Ramanan Laxminarayan published the first analysis of recent trends in

Creator
Hellen Gelband
Language
English
Keywords