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Policy Brief 12.pdf

The health and economic burden of resistance has not escaped the attention of federal legislators, who have proposed policies to slow the emergence and spread of resistance and resistant infections in communities, health care facilities, and food-producing animals. Bills introduced during the 2009–2010 session of Congress focused on three important strategies for curbing resistance: (1) encouraging judicious antibiotic use; (2) reducing hospital infections using public reporting programs; and (3) stimulating the development of new antibiotics (Table 1). In comparison with legislation introduced in previous sessions, the bills of the 111th Congress increasingly make use of incentives, a valuable tool in motivating behavior change.

This policy brief compares bills introduced during the 111th Congress and serves as a primer for the work of the 112th Congress, where similar approaches to combating antibiotic resistance will likely be proposed.

Yolisa Nalule