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An abbreviated version of CDDEP's weekly digest of public health news, focusing on research in the United States.

April’s edition of Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology is entirely devoted to antimicrobial stewardship. The collection of research shows challenges, priorities, and successes in stewardship efforts, including one study demonstrating how a 7-year antimicrobial stewardship program at the University of Maryland Medical Center proved to be extremely cost-effective.

At the International Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseases in Atlanta, experts call for increased antibiotic stewardship and for the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to incentivize new antibiotic development.

Research in the Journal of the American Medical Association finds that azithromycin could be a preferred treatment for a strain of deadly, Shiga toxin-producing E. coli.  In 2011, this strain sickened over 4,000 people in Germany.

Dr. Margaret Chan, Director-General of the WHO, warns that we are moving towards a “post-antibiotic era” in a recent speech in Denmark.  Read her full remarks.

Research in the Journal of Infectious Diseases examines the relationship between gastric H. pylori bacteria – a major cause of ulcers – and diabetes.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.) documents how one outpatient hemodialysis center in New Jersey significantly reduced incidence of blood stream infections in its facility.

A study in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) shows that the presence of nanomaterials in water aids the transfer of multi-drug resistance genes between bacteria.

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